A half-naked Vladimir Putin has carried out another of his macho photo ops – this time plunging into an icy lake as park of a ritual to mark Orthodox Epiphany.
The 65-year-old Russian President stripped to the waist and bared his chest before crossing himself and lowering himself into a hole in the ice over Lake Seliger.
Mr Putin, wearing just trunks, became completely immersed in the water, having removed a sheepskin coat and felt boots for the freezing swim.
Temperatures hovered around -5C (23F).
The practice is part of the Christian Orthodox feast of Epiphany, when believers submerge themselves in water to mark the baptism of Jesus Christ.
Mr Putin requires little excuse to strip, however.
In 2009 he was famously pictured shirtless atop a horse during a mountain holiday, and last August the scantily-clad President paraded both his torso and fish he had caught in a Siberian lake.
The President, who frequently attends Russian Orthodox ceremonies, is preparing to run in the country’s March presidential election.
He is not shy when it comes to promoting himself as an action hero. From martial arts black belt, and diver, to para-glider.
Since, he has admitted that at least some of the ultra-masculine photo opportunities were staged – also saying they were for the purpose of raising awareness of environmental issues.